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This week in Kano History September 29 – 05 October

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Hassan Katsina, Ado Bayero, Aguiyi Ironsi

1966 – Ado Bayero, Hassan Katsina quell army mutiny in Kano

On October 1, 1966, troops of the 5th battalion of the Nigerian Army mutinied in Kano and killed the second in command Captain Auna and the RSM Dauda Mumuni.

The mutiny was an attempt to avenge the killing of Northern Nigerian leaders by Igbo officers during the first military coup in Nigeria.

The troops broke out of the barracks and attacked Igbos in Sabon Gari area as well as Kano Airport and train station.

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The military governor of the Northern Region, Lt-Colonel Hassan Usman Katsina, put down the mutiny by driving round Kano in an open Jeep accompanied by Emir of Kano, Alhaji Ado Bayero.

1969 – World of Paperbacks book exhibition opens

Sarkin Bai at World of Paperbacks Exhibition

On October 1, 1969, a five-day exhibition of paperback books was opened in Kano.

The exhibition was sponsored by the United States Information Service (USIS).

Kano state commissioner of education, Alhaji Mukhtar Sarkin Bai declared the exhibition open.

Sarkin Bai called for the production of Hausa books in paperback.

1979 – Abubakar Rimi became 1st civilian governor of Kano

Abubakar Rimi

On October 1, 1979, Muhammadu Abubakar Rimi of the Peoples’ Redemption Party (PRP) was sworn-in as the first civilian governor of Kano state.

Rimi’s administration was outstanding for its cancellation of poll tax and human development projects.

Abubakar Rimi established among others the Kano State Agricultural Supply Company (KASCO), Kano Agricultural Rural Development Agency (KNARDA), Rural Electricity Agency, the Agency for Mass Education, the Science and Technical Schools Board, the Primary Education Board, as well as Kano State Environmental Protection Board.

He also introduced the Workers’ Day Holiday in Nigeria and sponsored Kano state students on overseas scholarships.

Rimi also established the Triumph Publishing Company and Kano state television (CTV) known named after him.

However he failed to win re-election after falling out with his political mentor Malam Aminu Kano.

He was sentenced to 10 years in jail by the Buhari military administration but the Babangida administration commuted the term to three years.

Rimi was Minister of Communication during the Abacha regime but was later jailed after starting the movement that transformed into the Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP) after Abacha’s death.

Muhammadu Abubakar Rimi died on April 4, 2010 after a confrontation with armed robbers.

1983 – Sabo Bakin Zuwo takes office as Kano state governor

Sabo Bakin Zuwo

On October 1, 1983, Aliyu Sabo Bakin Zuwo took office as Kano state governor after defeating Abubakar Rimi who had defected from the PRP.

Bakin Zuwo ruled for only three months before the Second Republic was toppled in an army coup.

Highlights of his tenure include the downgrading of the four first class emirates created by the Rimi administration and sacking of civil servants loyal to the former governor.

He also converted the Palace Cinema at Jakara Kano city into a clinic which was later christened Sabo Bakin Zuwo Maternity Hospital.

Bakin Zuwo was arrested by the Buhari administration and sentenced to 21 years but his sentence was commuted to three years by the Babangida administration.

He died on February 15, 1989 following a domestic accident.

2012 – Kano state government closes Triumph newspaper

Triumph Newspaper

On October 3, 2012, Kano state government led by Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso shut down the Triumph Publishing Company established by the Abubakar Rimi administration.

The moribund company was the publisher of Daily Triumph, Weekend Triumph, Sunday Triumph, and the Hausa Albishir newspaper as well as Alfijir written in Ajami script.

However, the Abdullahi Ganduje administration resuscitated the company in May 2017 with the maiden edition commemorating the 50th anniversary of Kano state.

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History

This week in Kano history: Fire killed 331 in El-Duniya Cinema

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File image of fire

On May 13, 1951, fire razed down El-Duniya Cinema killing 331 out of an audience of 600.

It was the highest number of casualties in a one-day disaster in the recorded history of Kano.

An inquiry by the British colonial government found that the fire started at the projection room and spread along the ceiling of the cinema located beside the Kantin Kwari and Sabon Gari markets.

Almost all the victims were young men aged 18-34 with some children including a 9-year-old who thronged the cinema for an afternoon show.

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Many of the dead had been trapped because the theater owner had locked the doors to prevent people sneaking in without paying. Others were caught in the crush as patrons rushed back into the burning theater to collect their bicycles.

The Prophet’s Image

However, the tragedy was interpreted by most Kano citizens as divine retribution for participating in immoral activities.

Rumors quickly spread that the film being screened that day at El-Duniya portrayed the image of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Others believed that during construction of the cinema people passing everyday cursed the builder and therefore it was engulfed not just by flames but by the combined magical force of these curses.

These rumors grew so strong that the colonial Government was forced to take official notice and counter them over the radio.

Twice daily for two days in four different languages, the Radio Diffusion Service announced there was no truth to the stories that the people handling the bodies of El-Duniya victims died, or that Native Authority Warders who helped in the tragedy had all gone mad, or that prisoners from Kano prison (who helped in handling the corpses) could not eat for days afterwards.

Culled from Signal and Noise: Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria by Brian Larkin (2008)

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Today in History: The assassination of Murtala Muhammad

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Murtala Muhammad

Maude Rabiu Gwadabe

Murtala Muhammad, Nigerian military Head of State was assassinated on February 13, 1976 in an aborted coup.

The 37-year old, Kano-born, 4th Nigerian Head of State was gunned down in Ikoyi Lagos by soldiers led by Lt. Col. Bukar Suka Dimka.

In his 201 days in office, he pursued policies that have brought lasting changes to Nigeria.

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Some of them are the adoption of presidential system of government from the former parliamentary system.

This week in Kano History: July 28 to August 3

He created seven new states – Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Imo, Niger, Ogun, and Ondo – bringing the number of Nigerian states to 19.

His regime also initiated the movement of the Federal Capital from Lagos to Abuja.

Late Murtala Muhammad also purged the civil service, demobilized soldiers, and jailed former ministers in an effort to rid Nigeria of corruption.

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This week in Kano history: December 08 – 14

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Danladi-Isah-Kademi

2012 – Gunmen killed Danladi Isah Kademi

On December 14, 2012 political assassins killed member representing Gaya/Ajingi constituency in the Kano state House of Assembly, Danladi Isah Kademi.

Mr. Kademi, who was a former chairman of Gaya local government, was shot while inspecting his uncompleted house in Hotoron Maradun, Kano metropolis.

The assassins who arrived on motorcycles were suspected to be Boko Haram members.

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However, in January 2013, the Kano state police command arrested a politician Saleh Kura of Unguwa Uku area of Kano metropolis for allegedly ordering the killing of late Kademi.

According to the police, Mr Kura hired Ibrahim Lawal, Sagir Yahuza, Surajo Adamu, Tasiu Shuaibu, and Muhammad Abdussalam all of Unguwa area to kill late Kademi and Ibrahim Abba Garko, member representing Garko constituency in the Kano state House of Assembly.

Kano state police commissioner, Ibrahim Idris said Mr Kura contracted the assassins at the sum of N100,000 but paid them a deposit of N30,000 only.

2013 – Tijjaniyya leader, Sheikh Harazimi died

On December 11, 2013 revered leader of the Tijjaniya Tariqah Sheikh Aliyu Harazimi of Hausawa Kano metropolis died at the age of 93.

Sheikh Aliyu Harazimi

The late Sheikh was one of the major disciples of Sheikh Ibrahim Niasse of Senegal and became famous in Kano from 1980s upwards for the energetic style of dhikr now known in Hausa as “Tambarin Gidan Shaykh Aliyu Harizimi”.

He was a descendent of the 2nd Fulani Emir of Kano, Ibrahim Dabo and was born on Arafat Day, 1920.

He was initiated into the Tijjaniyya in 1933 and became a spiritual guide – muqaddam – in 1947 after undergoing tutelage.

His major Tijjaniya masters were Sheikh Abubakar Atiku Sanka and Sheikh Muhammad Gibirima of Nguru, Yobe state.

His major writings include Kasr-an-nufus, Juhud-al-ajiz, Sullamul muhibbeen ila hadrat khayral mursaleen, as well as Sir-al-asrar.

2014 – Kannywood comedian, Rabilu Musa ‘Dan Ibro’ died

On December 09, 2014, prominent Kannywood actor, producer, and director, Rabilu Musa ‘Dan Ibro’ died at his home town Danlasan of Warawa local government, Kano.

Rabilu Musa Ibro

The late actor was until his death the most prominent comedian in the Kannywood film industry.

His films were mostly rural based and frequently went against Islamic injunctions.

The late Dan Ibro had several run-ins with the Kano state government as well as its Shari’a implementing agencies such as the Censorship Board and Hisbah Commission in his bid to ensure freedom of expression.

He was arrested and jailed for performances seen to be denigrating or blaspheming Islam.

However, his movies served as social commentaries on contemporary events as he produced films on trending issues.

These include Kotun Ibro, Jahilci yafi Hauka, Ibro Osama, Ibro Dan siyasa, etc.

Compiled by Maude Rabiu Gwadabe.

 

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