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Kano most polluted city in Africa–Research

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By Mukhtar Yahya Usman

A report by IQ Airvisual, an international organization based in Switzerland has ranked Kano as the most polluted city in Africa, with levels of air pollution reaching up to 54.4 percent.

According to the report, some of the major causes of the high pollution in the city include industrial toxic waste, vehicle exhaust fumes, kerosene and firewood burning.

The study also rated Kampala, the Ugandan capital as the second most polluted city after Kano, followed by Port Harcourt in Rivers state which is third and then Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia as the fourth most polluted African city.

Moreover the report rated Nigeria among the top ten most polluted countries in the world with Nigeria alone accounting for 44.8 percent air pollution, followed by Uganda and Ethiopia.

According to IQ Airvisual, Africa is struggling with lack of effective information gathering mechanism that would help the continent in assessing its level of pollution.

What is air pollution?

Air pollution is a mixture of natural and man-made substances in the air we breathe. It is a major environmental risk to health.

Around 3 billion people still cook and heat their homes using solid fuels in open fires and leaky stoves which are the major sources of air pollution.

Impact on health

At least 3.8 million people die prematurely every year from illness attributable to household air pollution caused by the inefficient use of solid fuels and kerosene for cooking. Among the 3.8 million deaths:

  • 27% are due to pneumonia
  • 18% from stroke
  • 27% from ischaemic heart disease
  • 20% from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • 8% from lung cancer

Pneumonia

Exposure to household air pollution almost doubles the risk for childhood pneumonia and is responsible for 45% of all pneumonia deaths in children less than 5 years old. Household air pollution also carries high risk for acute lower respiratory infections (pneumonia) in adults, and contributes to 28% of all adult deaths to pneumonia.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

One in four or 25% of premature deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults in low- and middle-income countries are due to exposure to household air pollution. Women exposed to high levels of indoor smoke are more than two times as likely to suffer from COPD than women who use cleaner fuels and technologies. Among men (who already have a heightened risk of COPD due to their higher rates of smoking), exposure to household air pollution nearly doubles that risk.

Stroke

12% of all premature deaths due to stroke can be attributed to the daily exposure to household air pollution arising from cooking with solid fuels and kerosene.

Ischaemic heart disease

Approximately 11% of all deaths due to ischaemic heart disease, accounting for over a million premature deaths annually, can be attributed to exposure to household air pollution.

Lung cancer

Approximately 17% of premature lung cancer deaths in adults are attributable to exposure to carcinogens from household air pollution caused by cooking with kerosene or solid fuels like wood, charcoal or coal. The risk for women is higher, due to their role in food preparation.

Other health impacts and risks

More generally, small particulate matter and other pollutants in indoor smoke inflame the airways and lungs, impairing immune response and reducing the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

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Kano schools reopen after 5 months closure

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Kano Female Students

Nasiru Yusuf

Schools in Kano have reopened on Monday after five months closure due to COVID-19 Pandemic.

Kano Focus recalls that the state government has on March 19 directed the closure of public and private schools as part of measures against the spread of COVID-19.

However, on Monday August 3 the government approved the reopening of schools for senior secondary schools students.

The Commissioner of Education Muhammad Sanusi Kiru announced that the opening is to allow SS III students to write their final examinations.

WAEC: Kano merges 33 boarding schools into 12 centers

Kano schools resume August 10

Kano Focus observed how many students on Monday defied early morning downpour to attend classes, which could be perceived as a clear indication of their commitment to go back to school.

Speaking while on inspection tour to Government Girls Secondary School Shekara and First Lady’s College Mariri, Kano state commissioner of education Muhammad Sanusi Kiru said he was happy that the school authorities followed the approved guidelines in preparation for the forthcoming WAEC examinations.

Mr Kiru urged the students to use the PPEs provided for them and maintain social distancing.

He also advised them to be serious in their examinations so as to have good results worthy of pride by their parents and the state.

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Blasphemy: Kano court sentences singer to death

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Protesters at Sharif's house

Mukhtar Yahya Usman

The Kano Upper Shari’a Court sitting at Hausawa Filin Hockey has sentenced a 22-year old man to death by hanging for blaspheming against Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

Kano Focus reports that Khadi Aliyu Muhammad Kani gave the verdict on Monday after finding Yahaya Aminu Sharif guilty as charged.

Sharif, a resident of Sharifai in Kano metropolis was accused of committing blasphemy against the prophet in a song he circulated via WhatsApp in March 2020.

Following the incidence, protestors burnt down the singer’s family home and led a procession to the Kano Hisbah Command’s headquarters.

Kano blasphemy: Father of suspect disowns son

The court has also sentenced one Umar Farouq of Sharada area of Kano metropolis to 10 years imprisonment for making derogatory statements concerning the Almighty Allah in a public argument.

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Rain, hailstones destroy N40 million crops in Bagwai LG

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Rain damaged farm

Nasiru Yusuf

Heavy rain and hailstones have destroyed crops worth over N40million in Bagwai local government, according to the council vice chairman Aminu Ibrahim Gogori.

Kano Focus reports that the heavy downpour on Monday night destroyed maize, onion, sesame, millet, and cotton crops.

Mr Gogori said the affected areas are Gadanya, Gadanya Gabas, Jobe, Tsauwa, Tsattawa and Galawa.

He pointed out that over 445 farmers were affected by the disaster.

Pensioners in 14 Kano LGs yet to receive July payment

He said the council is assessing the exact cost of the damage in order to forward it to appropriate authorities for necessary action.

In their separate remarks the village head of Gadanya Shuaibu Abubakar and his counterpart of Jobe village Abdullahi Lawal called on federal and state governments to come to their rescue.

When contacted, the Executive Secretary Kano State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) Sale Aliyu Jili described the incident as devastating.

Mr Jili appealed to National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and corporate organizations to assist the victims.

He pledged that SEMA will do its best to assist disaster victims  in Kano state.

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