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Kano most polluted city in Africa–Research

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By Mukhtar Yahya Usman

A report by IQ Airvisual, an international organization based in Switzerland has ranked Kano as the most polluted city in Africa, with levels of air pollution reaching up to 54.4 percent.

According to the report, some of the major causes of the high pollution in the city include industrial toxic waste, vehicle exhaust fumes, kerosene and firewood burning.

The study also rated Kampala, the Ugandan capital as the second most polluted city after Kano, followed by Port Harcourt in Rivers state which is third and then Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia as the fourth most polluted African city.

Moreover the report rated Nigeria among the top ten most polluted countries in the world with Nigeria alone accounting for 44.8 percent air pollution, followed by Uganda and Ethiopia.

According to IQ Airvisual, Africa is struggling with lack of effective information gathering mechanism that would help the continent in assessing its level of pollution.

What is air pollution?

Air pollution is a mixture of natural and man-made substances in the air we breathe. It is a major environmental risk to health.

Around 3 billion people still cook and heat their homes using solid fuels in open fires and leaky stoves which are the major sources of air pollution.

Impact on health

At least 3.8 million people die prematurely every year from illness attributable to household air pollution caused by the inefficient use of solid fuels and kerosene for cooking. Among the 3.8 million deaths:

  • 27% are due to pneumonia
  • 18% from stroke
  • 27% from ischaemic heart disease
  • 20% from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • 8% from lung cancer

Pneumonia

Exposure to household air pollution almost doubles the risk for childhood pneumonia and is responsible for 45% of all pneumonia deaths in children less than 5 years old. Household air pollution also carries high risk for acute lower respiratory infections (pneumonia) in adults, and contributes to 28% of all adult deaths to pneumonia.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

One in four or 25% of premature deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults in low- and middle-income countries are due to exposure to household air pollution. Women exposed to high levels of indoor smoke are more than two times as likely to suffer from COPD than women who use cleaner fuels and technologies. Among men (who already have a heightened risk of COPD due to their higher rates of smoking), exposure to household air pollution nearly doubles that risk.

Stroke

12% of all premature deaths due to stroke can be attributed to the daily exposure to household air pollution arising from cooking with solid fuels and kerosene.

Ischaemic heart disease

Approximately 11% of all deaths due to ischaemic heart disease, accounting for over a million premature deaths annually, can be attributed to exposure to household air pollution.

Lung cancer

Approximately 17% of premature lung cancer deaths in adults are attributable to exposure to carcinogens from household air pollution caused by cooking with kerosene or solid fuels like wood, charcoal or coal. The risk for women is higher, due to their role in food preparation.

Other health impacts and risks

More generally, small particulate matter and other pollutants in indoor smoke inflame the airways and lungs, impairing immune response and reducing the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

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Sulaiman’s Kano girlfriend surfaces, speaks on boyfriend’s American lover

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Nazifi Dawud

Nafisa Tahir, the Hausa girlfriend of Sulaiman Isah, the 26-year-old Instagram lover of an American woman Ms Janine Sanchez, has emerged from the shadows to speak on her now ex-boyfriend’s new found love.

Ms Nafisa, who spoke to famous broadcast journalist Salisu Zango, said she was not perturbed by Mr Sulaiman’s romance with 46-year-old Ms Sanchez, who came all the way from the United States to meet and propose marriage to the young man.

KANO FOCUS reports that Ms Sanchez fell in love with Mr Sulaiman after they met on social network app Instagram over 10 months ago.

The American mom of two has already declared her intention to marry Mr Sulaiman and move with him to the United States in March, 2020.

Mr Sulaiman’s parents have given their blessings to Ms Sanchez’s proposal to marry their son.

His father, Mr Isa, a retired police officer had told Kano Focus that he had no objection his son’s relationship to the American woman as long as she agrees to sponsor Mr Sulaiman’s education and allow him to retain his Islamic faith.

However, Ms Nafisa said though she felt betrayed but she was happy that her ex boyfriend has revealed his “true colours” early enough.

She said she was glad Mr Sanchez’s emergence had exposed Mr Sulaiman’s “hidden character”, adding that she wished the lovers well.

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Kano youths form business group to tackle unemployment

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Nazifi Dawud

A collection of youths in Kano state have formed an entrepreneurship group, Inspire Arewa Youths Initiative (IAYA) to provide online and digital marketing skills that would help in tackling unemployment in the state.

Chairman of the group, Muhammad Sani Ibrahim, told Kano Focus on Sunday, during the  IAYA launching programme that he collaborated with 20 other like-minded persons to make the idea a reality.

He said the programme, titled SME 1.0, was conceived for members to showcase their businesses and ideas in an “original way”, that would attract customers for them without much challenge.

Mr Ibrahim also explained that young entrepreneurs would also receive training in online business strategies, which he said would make it possible for people to start businesss with zero capital.

“With online marketing, someone can start a business with zero capital just by snapping pictures of textile commodities in Kwari market for instance. When that person posts the pictures online, he can attract customers for whom he can get the goods without spending much money,” he said.

He further explained that IAYA is divided into different aspects of entrepreneurship including photography, fashion, beauty and catering clusters.

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Await Allah’s judgement, Abba tells Supreme Court as Ganduje offers olive branch

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Nazifi Dawud

Abba Yusuf, governorship candidate of the opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Kano state has told justices of the Supreme Court, who dismissed his petition against Governor Abdullahi Ganduje of All Progressives Congress (APC)– to await the judgement of Allah.

Kano Focus reports that a panel of five justices led by Justice Sylvester Ungwuta at the Supreme Court on Monday upheld Mr Ganduje as the duly elected governor of Kano state, throwing away Mr Abba’s petition.

In his reaction, Mr Abba said the verdict “further confirms the connivance of the allied forces of election robbery who are oppressors of the Nigerian democracy”.

“Considering the overwhelming evidences presented by the eminent team of experienced lawyers, one cannot imagine how these agents of tyranny and undemocratic principles joined hands to rob the good people of Kano their mandate.

“However, we have seen the worst of what they can do, so they should await the judgment of the Almighty Allah, which they cannot avoid,” he said in a statement signed by his spokesperson Sanusi Bature Dawakin Tofa.

Join me to develop Kano–Ganduje

However, Mr Abba’s opponent Mr Ganduje called on the opposition PDP “to come and join hands with him for the continued development of the state.”

The governor, in a statement by Abba Anwar, his chief press secretary said he thanked Allah for his victory at the supreme court.

“We thank Allah for the victory that made it possible for the Supreme Court to reaffirm our victory after Election Petition Tribunal and Court of Appeal judgements. We also thank Kano people for peaceful conduct of their affairs,” Mr Ganduje said.

“Whoever believes and depends on Allah, will always see light at the beginning, mid and end of the tunnel, no matter the circumstances.

“We also commend all the Judges who partook in this exercise of deepening democracy. This shows the commitment of our judiciary in strengthening our democracy. This is highly commendable.

“I insist that our opposition should come and join us to move the state forward. We have a lot of developmental projects on ground. And more are coming. Our free and compulsory education policy needs all hands on deck. Our security system also needs all and sundry. Among others,” he added.

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