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This week in Kano history: November 10-16

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Kano Trade Fair

1980 – First Kano ‘Made-in-Nigeria’ trade fair

On November 16, 1980, the first Kano ‘Made-in-Nigeria’ trade fair came to an end.

The trade fair was opened on November 08, by Kano state governor, Muhammadu Abubakar Rimi, who promised to build a permanent complex for the fair at the cost of N5,000,000.00.

Highlights of the trade fair included a symposium on ECOWAS and regional cooperation at Bayero University Kano sponsored by the Bank of the North.

Others include a beauty contest at the Lebanon Club Kano sponsored by North Brewery Limited as well as a raffle draw to win a return air ticket to London sponsored by British Caledonian Airways.

More than 130 manufacturers exhibited their products at the fair.

2016 – Nine die as Police, Shia Muslims clash at Kwanar Dawaki

Shia Muslims IMN

At least eight Shia Muslims and a police officer were confirmed dead on November 16, 2016 at Kwanar Dawaki along Zaria Road during a clash over the annual Ashura procession.

The Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN), organizer of the procession, said the police opened fire on its members without provocation.

However, the Kano state police command said its officers were attacked by IMN members when they attempted to disperse them, thereby forcing the police to use live ammunition.

The killings followed a 2015 massacre of the Shia Muslims in Zaria, Kaduna state where 347 IMN members were killed by soldiers according to official sources.

2017 – Police arrest kidnap-for-recharge-card syndicate

Kano Child Kidnappers

On November 15, 2017, the Kano state police command paraded three suspects accused of kidnapping children and demanding ransom in the form of GSM recharge cards.

The suspects; Khalifah Usman of Layin Pole, Kurna, Idris Aminu of Lokon Sheshe, and Sharu Abdullahi Aminu of Sharifai were accused of kidnapping children from Kano city and taking them to ward heads in neighbouring villages as missing children.

Afterwards, the criminals would call the childrens’ parents and negotiate ransoms in form of recharge cards worth hundreds of thousands Naira, according to the police.

Compiled by Maude Rabiu Gwadabe

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This week in Kano history: Fire killed 331 in El-Duniya Cinema

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File image of fire

On May 13, 1951, fire razed down El-Duniya Cinema killing 331 out of an audience of 600.

It was the highest number of casualties in a one-day disaster in the recorded history of Kano.

An inquiry by the British colonial government found that the fire started at the projection room and spread along the ceiling of the cinema located beside the Kantin Kwari and Sabon Gari markets.

Almost all the victims were young men aged 18-34 with some children including a 9-year-old who thronged the cinema for an afternoon show.

Many of the dead had been trapped because the theater owner had locked the doors to prevent people sneaking in without paying. Others were caught in the crush as patrons rushed back into the burning theater to collect their bicycles.

The Prophet’s Image

However, the tragedy was interpreted by most Kano citizens as divine retribution for participating in immoral activities.

Rumors quickly spread that the film being screened that day at El-Duniya portrayed the image of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Others believed that during construction of the cinema people passing everyday cursed the builder and therefore it was engulfed not just by flames but by the combined magical force of these curses.

These rumors grew so strong that the colonial Government was forced to take official notice and counter them over the radio.

Twice daily for two days in four different languages, the Radio Diffusion Service announced there was no truth to the stories that the people handling the bodies of El-Duniya victims died, or that Native Authority Warders who helped in the tragedy had all gone mad, or that prisoners from Kano prison (who helped in handling the corpses) could not eat for days afterwards.

Culled from Signal and Noise: Media, Infrastructure, and Urban Culture in Nigeria by Brian Larkin (2008)

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Today in History: The assassination of Murtala Muhammad

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Murtala Muhammad

Maude Rabiu Gwadabe

Murtala Muhammad, Nigerian military Head of State was assassinated on February 13, 1976 in an aborted coup.

The 37-year old, Kano-born, 4th Nigerian Head of State was gunned down in Ikoyi Lagos by soldiers led by Lt. Col. Bukar Suka Dimka.

In his 201 days in office, he pursued policies that have brought lasting changes to Nigeria.

Some of them are the adoption of presidential system of government from the former parliamentary system.

This week in Kano History: July 28 to August 3

He created seven new states – Bauchi, Benue, Borno, Imo, Niger, Ogun, and Ondo – bringing the number of Nigerian states to 19.

His regime also initiated the movement of the Federal Capital from Lagos to Abuja.

Late Murtala Muhammad also purged the civil service, demobilized soldiers, and jailed former ministers in an effort to rid Nigeria of corruption.

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This week in Kano history: December 08 – 14

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Danladi-Isah-Kademi

2012 – Gunmen killed Danladi Isah Kademi

On December 14, 2012 political assassins killed member representing Gaya/Ajingi constituency in the Kano state House of Assembly, Danladi Isah Kademi.

Mr. Kademi, who was a former chairman of Gaya local government, was shot while inspecting his uncompleted house in Hotoron Maradun, Kano metropolis.

The assassins who arrived on motorcycles were suspected to be Boko Haram members.

However, in January 2013, the Kano state police command arrested a politician Saleh Kura of Unguwa Uku area of Kano metropolis for allegedly ordering the killing of late Kademi.

According to the police, Mr Kura hired Ibrahim Lawal, Sagir Yahuza, Surajo Adamu, Tasiu Shuaibu, and Muhammad Abdussalam all of Unguwa area to kill late Kademi and Ibrahim Abba Garko, member representing Garko constituency in the Kano state House of Assembly.

Kano state police commissioner, Ibrahim Idris said Mr Kura contracted the assassins at the sum of N100,000 but paid them a deposit of N30,000 only.

2013 – Tijjaniyya leader, Sheikh Harazimi died

On December 11, 2013 revered leader of the Tijjaniya Tariqah Sheikh Aliyu Harazimi of Hausawa Kano metropolis died at the age of 93.

Sheikh Aliyu Harazimi

The late Sheikh was one of the major disciples of Sheikh Ibrahim Niasse of Senegal and became famous in Kano from 1980s upwards for the energetic style of dhikr now known in Hausa as “Tambarin Gidan Shaykh Aliyu Harizimi”.

He was a descendent of the 2nd Fulani Emir of Kano, Ibrahim Dabo and was born on Arafat Day, 1920.

He was initiated into the Tijjaniyya in 1933 and became a spiritual guide – muqaddam – in 1947 after undergoing tutelage.

His major Tijjaniya masters were Sheikh Abubakar Atiku Sanka and Sheikh Muhammad Gibirima of Nguru, Yobe state.

His major writings include Kasr-an-nufus, Juhud-al-ajiz, Sullamul muhibbeen ila hadrat khayral mursaleen, as well as Sir-al-asrar.

2014 – Kannywood comedian, Rabilu Musa ‘Dan Ibro’ died

On December 09, 2014, prominent Kannywood actor, producer, and director, Rabilu Musa ‘Dan Ibro’ died at his home town Danlasan of Warawa local government, Kano.

Rabilu Musa Ibro

The late actor was until his death the most prominent comedian in the Kannywood film industry.

His films were mostly rural based and frequently went against Islamic injunctions.

The late Dan Ibro had several run-ins with the Kano state government as well as its Shari’a implementing agencies such as the Censorship Board and Hisbah Commission in his bid to ensure freedom of expression.

He was arrested and jailed for performances seen to be denigrating or blaspheming Islam.

However, his movies served as social commentaries on contemporary events as he produced films on trending issues.

These include Kotun Ibro, Jahilci yafi Hauka, Ibro Osama, Ibro Dan siyasa, etc.

Compiled by Maude Rabiu Gwadabe.

 

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