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Umar Labdo and Sarkin Kano Muhammad Sanusi II: Between hatred and patriotism

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Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa

Umar Labdo has made himself the most vocal and virulent critic of Sarkin Kano Muhammad Sanusi II (the Emir of Kano) in the social media. He over stepped his bounds by being rude to the Emir. He has made wide-ranging accusations, alleging that the Emir Sarkin is an agent of the Western powers who are trying to destroy Muslims. He wrote in Hausa Language and his purpose is to get the Emir deposed because he said the Emir is not working in the interest of the people and they will not shed any tears. He did this to provide justification for the enemies of the Emir who want to finish him and frighten all alternative voices from the public space.

It would be recalled that Governor Ahmad Sani Yarima was the first Governor to launch the Shari’a Criminal Law and all other Muslim majority states in the North followed his example. Most of the Ulama supported them. Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi who was not the Emir of Kano at that time wrote critical essays against the way the Shari’a was implemented arguing that it was politically motivated. This was because according to him the governors were not concerned about the economic development of their states but were only interested in penal laws to divert the attention of the citizens from their bad governance.

He used classical Fiqh sources to write against the judgments of lower Shari’a Courts that convicted accused persons including Safiya for adultery. Most of what he wrote about Shari’a implementation has been vindicated as correct critique because politicians have since abandoned the cause and are more concerned with their positions.

The family law debate

Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi became Sarkin Kano Muhammad Sanusi II and he pledged to spearhead the reform of Muslim family law. As someone who is also knowledgeable in the field of Shari’a, with a first class degree he knows it is not an easy task. It was also part of his social reform initiative. Therefore he initiated it, in collaboration with Bayero University. Scholars from the university and the city were brought together and they worked for two years. Many of the city scholars have been teaching Maliki Fiqh for over 30 years some of them can teach Labdo for 10 years before they certify him. Their draft was debated. Those who had reservations from the scholarly community were given the opportunity. Every issue was discussed in a scholarly manner and resolved. The scholars unanimously accepted more than ninety percent of the draft law. No sub-Saharan African Muslim community has ever done this. Hence the President of Niger Republic invited Emir Sanusi to speak to his people on the need for similar reform.

This is why people like Labdo, who, parade themselves as scholars, are jealous. I challenge Labdo or any of his fellow propagandists to come up with a scholarly critique of that draft law. They can only speak to the gallery without any coherent scholarly exposition because they think most people are ignorant and those who are educated would succumb to their cheap blackmail of branding them as enemies and agents of the West. This is cowardice and hate speech.

Labdo has berated Emir Sanusi for not bringing any development project in the last five years claiming that he has not built any school or anything tangible. On the other hand he alleged that Sanusi has been spending for himself and the palace. This is where Labdo has demonstrated his hatred. Even if Sanusi stops spending anything for himself and diverts it to the society he would not wipe out poverty and ignorance. Or he should just do it please people like Labdo. On the other hand if Sanusi is able to secure a major policy thrust, it could bring about the needed change not superficial change. For example, if the Muslim family law reform is accepted then orphans, divorcees and widows would be protected. The weak would have access to education and dignified life. This is what people like Labdo do not want. They want perpetual ignorance to feed people with their propaganda and hate mongering.

Initiating development that government failed to do

If the reform succeeds which Labdo does not like. There would be less abandoned children. People would be compelled to take care of their children and to end domestic violence. What are the major problems of Kano society today that have no root in the breakdown of the family? He says Sanusi has not done anything to fight drug abuse is it because he has more capacity than NDLEA? On the contrary while Sanusi is urging reform to enhance the family and protect the weak propagandist like Labdo are tagging him as Western agent.

Labdo is blinded by hatred hence he claims that Sanusi did not bring any development to Kano, in the last five years despite his connection. This is very absurd who amongst those who have authority has ever brought any development to any domain in five years? All Nigerians are living witnesses to the problem of power in Nigeria. Even in Kano the State Government’s independent power project has been going on for two tenures (eight years). What about at the Federal level, which is common knowledge, how many megawatts have been added since 1999? Yet Labdo wants Sanusi to perform miracles. Sanusi’s fault is that he is the Chair of Black Rhino Group, the largest consortium in power investment in Africa. He gave condition that the company must invest in Kano before he accepted the chairmanship. They are committing $5 billion in Africa for investment in the power sector. He has met all those concerned and followed all the processes. His fault is that he has not delivered in five years what the Nigerian State has not delivered in twenty years.

Labdo is in the Faculty of Humanities where he is a Professor yet he believes that an Emir can bring about economic development in five years. He is angry that Emir Sanusi’s supporters have brought elders to stop the Governor from deposing him. They are doing this because they know the value of Emir Sanusi to his people unlike the Professor in the Faculty of Humanities. It was because of Emir Sanusi that the African Development Bank (ADB) hired and paid an international consulting firm to make Industrial Diagnostics for Kano State, it has not been done for any sub-national entity in Africa. Without such groundwork no investor will come to Kano.

It is as a result of Emir Sanusi’s efforts that a Chinese firm is arranging to invest $300 million in one of the textile firms in Kano. The development partners have agreed to interface with the company’s creditors in Nigeria to reschedule outstanding debt to enable the Chinese investors to acquire the company. Even if it takes Emir Sanusi ten years to bring $300 million investment it cannot be a fault because no traditional ruler has ever done that for any domain in Nigeria. Even if it is only the Industrial Diagnostics that was done because of him it is enough, which Nigerian traditional ruler has ever done that for his domain, when Kano is the first sub national entity in Africa to benefit from this support from ADB because of its Emir.

Muhammadu Rumfa’s legacy

Labdo claims that Emir Sanusi is destroying the Sarauta. Well there is need for evidence. And that is if Labdo even knows what Sarauta means. He claims that the Emir is spending money on the Palace but still believes that he is desecrating the institution according to his malicious allegation based on hatred. Sarkin Kano Muhammad Rumfa (1463-1499) constructed Gidan Rumfa (the Palace). It is the largest and oldest continuous seat of authority in Sub-Saharan Africa. There were many before it but not as large or have ceased to serve any useful function. Most of the buildings in the palace are centuries old and have become health hazards. Emir Sanusi decided to pull them down with the little resources available. He maintained the maghrebian Islamic style in the architecture. This made him the most influential builder in the palace history after Sarkin Kano Muhammadu Rumfa. The option for him was to use the resources as advised by Labdo instead of maintaining Gidan Rumfa, such usage would have little or no effect on the lives of people of Kano but for propaganda value. The other alternative is to allow the palace to be destroyed gradually as other ancient monuments.

So what is Sarauta? It was kingship and now it is leadership. What do we expect of Sanusi? Many believe he should never talk on any social or economic issue. He should just keep quiet in the face of anything. They believe that was, the attitude of his predecessor and the norm. If Sarauta is leadership it means the Emir should not be silent. Emir Sanusi is obviously not perfect. But in terms of economic policy should he permanently keep quiet? Is that fair to Nigeria? The best Central Bank Governor should be silenced. Is that democracy? Obviously not, it is not even Sarauta. They say he must give advice in private, is that democracy? Long before the Federal Government closed the borders, he recommended it. So why is he not being commended. Even people like Labdo and his other co-destructive preachers commended Emir Sanusi when he boldly condemned that Shiism has no roots in Nigeria. At that time Labdo never claimed he was working for the West. Emir also confronted Boko Haram on the pulpit and at every given opportunity, he boosted the morale of his people and inspired them to remain steadfast as expected of a leader, so he was therefore a Western agent, as propagandists like Labdo want us to believe.

‘Destructive preachers’

People like Labdo are destructive preachers because they are hate mongers. They think they own the Shari’ah and can determine who is and who is not Muslim. Even on matters of ijtihad where there are differences of opinion among scholars they still appropriate who is and who is not Muslim. You may disagree with Emir Sanusi on his daughter representing him at an occasion, or his views against domestic violence and right of women to retaliate. Even if he is wrong does that make him anti-Shari’ah and interested only in promoting Western values? What about his pioneering initiative on Muslim Family Law reform using classical texts that people like Labdo or their masters cannot dream of initiating?

The problem of destructive preachers like Labdo apart from hatred and extremism is ignorance of social reality. Out of this ignorance they believe Northern Nigeria is a perfect Muslim society that does not need social reform. Hence any attempt to reform is Western inspired. For example, they are against girl child education by supporting early marriage for the children of the poor but for their children they can proceed up to the university. They do not realize that stopping girls from schooling has long-term implications on the society. Even at the layman’s level how can you have enough female health workers if you allow people to marry off their daughters below the age of eighteen? People must speak against this practice despite hate mongers and that is why Emir Sanusi incurs their hatred.

People like Labdo want to enjoy the fruits of technology yet out of ignorance they don’t know what are its impediments in the Northern Muslim society. The most critical problems are lack of equity and access to education in Northern Nigeria because of cultural barriers that people like Labdo do not understand. All Muslim societies outside black Africa have passed this archaic stage. In Malaysia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Turkey, Morocco and many other places Muslim students have access to education because of reforms but not in Northern Nigeria.

Emir Sanusi is one of the few people who understand this. He is the only Muslim leader who has spoken publicly that language should not be a barrier to education. He made the most cogent advocacy for the Qur’anic students and scholars that they must not be relegated to permanent disenfranchisement because they do not have proficiency in English Language. Emir Sanusi is the only leader who has given much commitment to advocacy on the need to teach sciences and other subjects in vernacular to accommodate the disenfranchised poor people of Northern Nigeria. Yet he is an agent of the West because he called for the incorporation of Qur’anic students into the educational system something people like Labdo can never do and when they do no one will listen to them because they are nonentities.

Yes Emir Sanusi is very vocal when it comes to introspection of the Northern Muslim society. You may disagree with him. But he does it out of patriotism. He does not believe in blame game that is for shallow people like Labdo. When Emir Sanusi speaks about the problems of Nigeria he does from the position of strength. He does not regard the cultural practices that retard northern Nigeria as Islamic or sacrosanct. Hence if people are negligent of their duties he would speak against it no matter how bitter that may be. He does not believe in blaming other ethnic groups for the poverty in Northern Nigeria. Some of the northern states are the poorest in this planet while other Southern states if they are not in Nigeria, they would rise higher in the scale of prosperity so Northern Nigeria pulls them down. Emir Sanusi says it as it is. Whereas people like Labdo promote ethnocentrism and intolerance.

An example of such ethnocentrism and intolerance was Labdo’s interview in The Punch newspaper of February 3, 2018, it was a very convoluted outing unbecoming of a Professor in the Faculty of Humanities. He provided the fodder for ethnic hatred and animosity in Nigeria. Here is a Professor claiming that Fulani have right of conquest to certain areas in Nigeria including areas that were never even under the Sokoto Caliphate. What kind of person is this who claims that Tiv descended from Fulani and Jukun? Using it to claim rights over Benue. What kind of person is this who would regard Abuja as Fulani gift to Nigeria because it was part of North Western State. The Punch asked him: Which other states or areas do you think belong to the Fulani by right of conquest?

He answered: “For example, many of those who followed my post and responded were asking, now, can you say that Abuja belongs to Fulani? Yes, Abuja belongs to Sokoto, even as late as 1975, Abuja was part of Sokoto before the coup that terminated Yakubu Gowon’s administration. Abuja was part of North Western State, with Sokoto as the capital. What we know as Niger State today was under Sokoto. And that is why we have Suleja because when the Fulani donated Abuja to Nigeria, they took the Emir from Abuja to Suleja; go and read the history”.

Emir Sanusi is almost opposite of Labdo. He cannot make these ignorant claims to defend the Fulani people. Labdo the Professor does not even know the origin of Abuja, yet he wants to speak about it? What kind of person is this? It was not a Fulani territory in pre-colonial Northern Nigeria. In fact the Hausa rulers of Zazzau established it when they were chased out of Zazzau. It is unfortunate that people like Labdo even have a space in the intellectual arena of this country. Labdo said he did it deliberately as his people the Fulani must attack presumably with fables not history as the basis of the narrative. On the contrary Emir Sanusi in his defense of the Fulani cattle owners provided the intellectual basis of their rights, as citizens and he became one of their most influential defenders when they faced extermination whereas Labdo’s convoluted fables increased their enemies. Hence people like Labdo will always campaign and say Emir Sanusi is agent of the West to expose the Nigerian citizens to hatred of one another thus doing disservice to humanity.

‘Jealousy of Sanusi’s recognition’

Labdo is jealous that Emir Sanusi is recognized across the world for his achievement in the management of the Nigerian Economy and his advocacy for educational inclusion. Hence because of hatred, he says the Westerners promote Emir Sanusi for working for them against his people. When Sanusi worked to save the Nigerian banking sector he did it for the Westerners. When Sanusi saved Nigerian depositors he did it for the Westerners. When Sanusi raised the revenue that CBN remitted to the Federation to the highest level for the first time he did it for the Westerners.

When Sanusi made sure almost all Federal institutions benefitted from the CBN Corporate Social Responsibility across the whole country he did it for the Westerners. It is the reason that many public universities across the country honor Sanusi more than any other Nigerian ever, because his landmark is visible not imagined in their campuses. When Sanusi blew the whistle against the NNPC fraud of $20billion and lost his job for the APC to use it as weapon against the PDP he was doing it for the Westerners.

This is, why those who value sacrifice respect Sanusi when his enemies like Labdo who value mediocrity and ethnocentrism, want him removed from the Emirship, those who have sympathy for patriotism rose up to support him. Labdo carpeted them for supporting Emir Sanusi. Unfortunately for Labdo, Emir Sanusi is loved all over the world because of his achievements and patriotism. On the other hand who is Labdo in academic circles only in his locality. He is a minion in the academic world. The world has changed. Does Labdo appear in high impact referred journals to help elevate the position of his university’s world ranking or is he a local champion with no position in the academic peer reviewed world. Just search any peered reviewed high impact journal or even www.jstor.org how many times the word Labdo appeared? They are all merit based, so people like Labdo cannot appear hence, his hatred of the excellence in public service, as Sanusi exemplified, and his backwardness in his academic calling.

Ibrahim Ado-Kurawa, a Kano based researcher and writer can be reached at ibrahimado@yahoo.com

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Kwankwaso celebrates Eid el Kabir with Kwankwasiyya Political Movement

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Nasiru Yusuf Ibrahim

 

The Kwankwasiyya political movement also known as Kwankwasiyya Development Foundation on Tuesday celebrated a grand Eid-el-Kabir reception at the residence of the leader of the movement, Senator Rabi’u Musa Kwankwaso.

KANO FOCUS reports that the event was attended by the Supreme Leader of the Kwankwasiyya movement Senator Rabi’u Musa Kwankwaso together with other top Kano NNPP Government functionaries and teeming supporters.

The special Sallah celebrations in Kano brought together leadership of the party as well as friends and well wishers from within and outside Nigeria.

Mammoth crowd of Kwankwasiyya loyalists

Local and National musicians and artistsr from Nupe, Tiv and Jos in North Central to North West, and Southern Nigeria had a field day with display of different dance steps from across the country.

Prominent among those who graced the occasion are Ali Jita, Nazifi Asnanic and Bashir Dandago.

Addressing the mammoth crowd, the national leader of the New Nigeria Peoples Party (NNPP), Dr Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso, has said an average Kano person doesn’t want injustice.

He stressed that the Kwankwassiya people were peaceful but have always had to contend with their political enemies. He said, “In 2019, we won the governorship election in this state but enemies of the state went against us through the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), the courts and so on. What happened is now a history.

“It was the same thing in 2023. We won the election overwhelmingly and there were a lot of efforts by enemies of the state who are the minority here to take it, but by the grace of God, he decided that justice would be done. And I am sure that has gone a long way to maintain peace and order in the state.

“But it looks like the enemies are at it again, going by what is happening on the issue of the emirate council.

“On the contrary, people were further reinforced and working very hard to ensure that more people join this movement. And I am not surprised because the average Kano person doesn’t want injustice. That’s why we are here.”

In his address the Commissioner for Higher Education in Kano state, Dr Yusuf Kofarmata said, the event was to celebrate Sallah with the leader of Kwankwasiya Movement and NNPP Leader, Rabiu Kwankwaso.

While congratulating Muslims for a peaceful Sallah celebrations, the Commissioner urged the gathering to reflect on the lessons and build a better society.

 

 

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Kano Emirate Tussle: State Assembly alleges bias, asks Appeal Court to take over proceedings

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Nasiru Yusuf Ibrahim

 

Ahead of the ruling of Justice Abdullahi Liman of the Federal High Court, Kano, on a motion filed by Aminu Babba Danagundi, the Sarkin Dawaki Babba, challenging the legality of the Kano Emirates Council (Repeal) Law 2024, the Kano State House of Assembly has asked the Court of Appeal sitting in Kano to stay further proceedings at the Federal High Court pending the hearing of the appeal before the appellate court.

KANO FOCUS reports that the call came as All Progressives Congress (APC) described comments credited to the presidential candidate of New Nigeria Peoples Party (NNPP) in the 2023 election, Rabiu Kwankwaso, that the ruling party was trying to take Kano State through the backdoor by declaring a state of emergency, as disappointing and insensitive.

Liman had scheduled ruling on the legality of the Kano Emirates Council (Repeal) Law 2024 for Thursday, June 20, 2024, just after he dismissed an application for a stay of proceedings by Eyitayo Fatogun, representing the Kano State House of Assembly.

Dissatisfied, Kano State House of Assembly, in Appeal No: CA/KN/ /26/2024 filed by its lawyer, Fatogun, prayed for an order of injunction restraining the respondents, their privies, servants or any other person or authority, deriving power, authority, rights or privileges from any of the respondents particularly the first, fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh respondents from enforcing or attempting to further enforce the repealed Kano State Emirates Council Law, a law which was no longer extant, pending the hearing and determination of the appeal before the Court of Appeal.

The appellant also prayed the court to stay execution of all orders, particularly the ex-parte order granted on May 23, 2024 by the lower court pending the hearing and determination of the appeal presently before the court.

The respondents are Alhaji Aminu Babba Danagundi; Kano State Government; Attorney General of Kano State; Commissioner of Police, Kano State; Inspector General of Police; Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps; and Department of State Services.

In its motion on notice brought pursuant to Sections 6 and 36 of the 1999 Constitution, Order 7 Rule 1 of the Court of Appeal Rules and under inherent jurisdiction of the court, the appellant prayed the court to take over the entire proceedings, alleging that there were conflicting orders of the Kano State High Court and the Federal High Court on same subject matter.

In its application for an urgent date, the appellant stated that the Federal High Court in Kano on or about June 13, 2024, had delivered its ruling in a suit filed for the enforcement of the fundamental rights of a king maker as it related to the Kano State Emirate Council (repeal) Law 2024 made by the House of Assembly of Kano State and duly assented by the executive governor of Kano State.

In the said ruling, the court in its wisdom, held that it had jurisdiction in a chieftaincy matter, and subsequently adjourned to June 14, 2024, for the hearing of the several applications filed by the applicant, particularly the application seeking to nullify the Kano State Emirate Council (repeal) Law 2024.

The appellant further stated, “On the 13th day of June 2024, we immediately attempted to file our Notice of Appeal but were denied the opportunity by the Registry of the Federal High Court in Kano on the grounds that it was well after 2pm and they would not take processes anymore.

“Of great interest is that the registry continued to take processes for filing in other matters, which were not related to the above mentioned suit.

“We, therefore, filed the notice of appeal at the Court of Appeal Registry and filed alongside an application for departure from the rules.

“On the 14th of June 2024, the Registry of the Federal High Court did not open till 9am due to hostility and fear of collecting processes from us for filing. We also applied for the ruling of the 13th day of June 2024, assuming jurisdiction, but as suspected, the ruling is not yet ready.

“We compiled records with the documents we were served, though uncertified but largely the documents filed by the plaintiff at the lower court and were given an appeal number as indicated above. We certainly would compile supplementary records shortly upon receipt of the proceedings and ruling.

“We consequently filed a motion for stay of proceedings or further proceedings before His Lordship.

“It may be of interest that your Lordship be informed that all these issues were brought to the attention of His Lordship. Hon Justice A. M Liman but in a short ruling today refused an application for stay of proceedings, despite becoming aware of the motion pending in the Court of Appeal.”

The appellant submitted that an appeal shall be deemed to have been entered in the court when the record of proceedings in the court below had been received in the Registry of the court.

He stated, “Where there is an application before a higher court for a stay of further proceedings in the lower court, a decision by the lower court, which will render the result of such application nugatory, should be avoided.

“This unfortunate attitude in disregarding the process of the Court of Appeal bothers on judicial impertinence. it is an affront on the authority of the Court of Appeal. All the courts established under the constitution derive their powers and ‘authority’ from the constitution.

“His lordship went ahead to hear an interlocutory application seeking to nullify the Kano State Emirate Council (repeal) Law 2024, which is the subject matter of the suit before My Lord.

“All entreaties, including learned silk, Eyitayo Fatogun SAN’s recusing himself and applying that the matter be adjourned so that the parties he was representing could get other legal representation, fell on deaf ears as his lordship went ahead with the hearing of the motion.

“The effect of the grant of the motion heard by my lord, of the Federal High Court, when His Lordship delivers ruling on Thursday, the 20th of June 2024, is that the Emirate Council law as it is in force in Kano may be nullified, and the present Emir of Kano, HRM, Lamido Sanusi, may be removed from his palace as the police have hinted on carrying out the orders of the Federal High Court.”

They argued that the Federal High Court had determined the entire appeal based on jurisdiction as the court had continued to assume jurisdiction.

The appellant further averred, “It would set a bad precedent of lower courts choosing not to respect the decisions or proceedings of the higher court

“The Federal High Court with its disposition might grant the orders prayed for and cause that the five emirates and their emirs, some of whom have left the state for peace to reign would then have to return, causing chaos and uprising in the state

“The loss of lives, which might be occasioned by the ruling, may be rather too much, as the peace in the state may be breached.

“It is in the interest of justice that the Court of Appeal takes over the entire proceedings as there are conflicting orders of the Kano State High Court and Federal High Court on the same subject matter.”

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Kano Emirate tussle: Federal, industrial Courts lack jurisdiction on chieftaincy matters – Falana

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Nasiru Yusuf Ibrahim

 

Human Rights lawyer and Senior Advocate of Nigeria, Femi Falana, on Tuesday, said the Federal High Court and the National Industrial Court have no jurisdiction to determine chieftaincy matters.

KANO FOCUS reports that Falana, in a statement he personally signed, accused both courts of separately conferring, “jurisdiction on themselves to determine chieftaincy matters.”

Falana described both decisions as, “highly erroneous” as they cannot be justified under sections 251 and 254(C) of the Constitution. Adding that both courts conveniently overruled the judgments of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeal on the subject matter.

He said, “The intervention of the Federal High Court in the dispute arising from the deposition of Emir Ado Bayero & Co. as well as the restoration of Emir Sanusi Lamido Sanusi is a brazen repudiation of the decision of the Supreme Court in the celebrated case of Tukur v Government of Gongola State (1987) 4 NWLR (117) 517 where it was held that “The question raised in this claim is not a fundamental right question.

“As in the first prayer, the right to be Emir is not guaranteed by the Fundamental Rights provisions of the Constitution and the Federal High Court has no jurisdiction whatever in the matter. The Court of Appeal was, therefore, not in error of law to hold that the Federal High Court has no jurisdiction to grant the two reliefs.

“Since the apex court has said that the right to be an Emir is not a fundamental right under chapter four of the Constitution, the Federal High Court sitting in Kano ought to have declined jurisdiction to continue to entertain the dispute over the chieftaincy matter in Kano. In any case, the allegation of infringement of the fundamental rights of the Applicants is an ancillary claim to the substantive reliefs emanating from the deposition and reinstatement of the embattled emirs.”

In FCMB Plc v Nyama (2014) LPELR-23973 AT 19-20, the Court of Appeal held that: “Now it is settled that where an application is made under the fundamental Right (Enforcement Procedure) Rules, a condition precedent to the exercise of the court’s jurisdiction is that the enforcement of fundamental rights of the securing of enforcement thereof should be the main claim and not the accessory claim. Where the main or principal claim is not the enforcement of fundament right, the jurisdiction of the court cannot be properly exercised under Fundamental Rights (Enforcement Procedure) Rules.”

A Federal High Court in Kano last week ruled that it has jurisdiction to hear the human rights violation case filed by the dethroned Emir of Kano, Aminu Ado Bayero, and senior councillor, Aminu Dan’agundi, following the reinstatement of Emir Muhammad Sanusi II.

The court issued an ex-parte order preventing Governor Abba Yusuf of Kano from reinstating Sanusi until a substantive suit against the reinstatement is resolved.

The order also opposed the abolishment of four emirates—Bichi, Gaya, Karaye, and Rano—under a bill previously passed by the state House of Assembly.

Ending his submission, Falana said, “I submit, with profound respect, that section 254(C)(1) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 as amended has not conferred jurisdiction on the National Industrial Court to hear and determine chieftaincy matters.

“However, a traditional ruler who was deposed by a state governor without fair hearing is not without a legal redress.”

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